- Enabling Real-time Sign Language Translation on Mobile Platforms with On-board Depth Cameras (고정길 교수님 연구실)
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Enabling Real-time Sign Language Translation on Mobile Platforms with On-board Depth Cameras
ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (ACM UbiComp) 2021 (한국연구재단 최우수 CS 학술대회 IF 3)
HyeonJung Park, Youngki Lee, JeongGil Ko
In this work we present SUGO, a depth video-based system for translating sign language to text using a smartphone's front camera. While exploiting depth-only videos offer benefits such as being less privacy-invasive compared to using RGB videos, it introduces new challenges which include dealing with low video resolutions and the sensors' sensitiveness towards user motion. We overcome these challenges by diversifying our sign language video dataset to be robust to various usage scenarios via data augmentation and design a set schemes emphasize human gestures from the input images for effective sign detection. The inference engine of SUGO is based on a 3-dimensional convolutional neural network (3DCNN) to classify a sequence of video frames as a pre-trained word. Furthermore, the overall operations are designed to be light-weight so that that sign language translation takes place in real-time using only the resources available on a smartphone, with no help from cloud servers nor external sensing components. Specifically, to train and test SUGO we collect sign language data from 20 individuals for 50 Korean Sign Language words, summing up to a dataset of 5,000 sign gestures and collect additional in-the-wild data to evaluate the performance of SUGO in real-world usage scenarios with different lighting conditions and daily activities. Comprehensively, our extensive evaluations show that SUGO can properly classify sign words with an accuracy of up to 92% and also suggests that the system is suitable (in terms of resource usage, latency, and environmental robustness) to enable a fully mobile solution for sign language translation.